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Tenshi Hinanawi

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比那名居 (ひななゐ)  天子 (てんし)
Tenshi Hinanawi
çinanai tẽɕi (♫)
Tenshi Hinanai
Tenshi Hinanawi
Tenshi Hinanawi in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody
Girl of the Sphere of Neither Perception nor Non-Perception
More Character Titles
Species

Celestial

Abilities

Manipulation of earth, identification of one's spirit (Sword of Hisou)

Occupation

Celestial

Location

Heaven

Music Themes
Appearances
Official Games
Print Works
Music CDs

Tenshi Hinanawi (比那名居 天子 Hinanawi Tenshi) is the "Eldest Daughter" (総領娘 souryou musume) of the Hinanawi clan, as referred to by Iku Nagae, that resides in Heaven. Being in heaven, she has a rather carefree life, but has a rather boring life.

General Information

Tenshi first appeared in Reimu Hakurei's scenario as the final boss of the fighting game Scarlet Weather Rhapsody and was a recurring final boss for most other characters; she's also an unlockable playable character. She later appeared as a target in the shoot 'em up Double Spoiler, was a background character in Hopeless Masquerade and was the Final Day boss in Impossible Spell Card. Like some other characters, Tenshi was left out of Symposium of Post-mysticism because "they have nothing to do with Kanako, Hijiri or Miko".[1]

Personality

In her official profile, Tenshi is described as being "sheltered upbringing", selfish and top of the world. Despite being a celestial, she is very earthly who lacks charisma. That's not surprising, however, because she became a celestial only because the entire Hinanawi family became celestials when the Nawi became divine spirits. Therefore, she lacks awareness of what it means to be a celestial.

She is described as "delinquent". An overly privileged environment had a negative effect on her playful nature. She doesn't consider what her actions mean to other people. She also has absolute confidence in her abilities, and gets mad if someone insults them. ZUN described her as having a rather nice personality.[1]

Ability, Strength & Possessions

Tenshi and her sword, as shown in Grimoire of Marisa.

Although it's not because Tenshi has undergone special training, she is extraordinarily strong and tough. This toughness is to the extent that she cannot be pierced by Sakuya Izayoi's knives[2]. This seems to be an effect of heavenly peaches; when one eats them, it forges one's body to one's convenience. Heaven hasn't got normal food other than this peach, so all celestials probably eat these peaches and strengthen their bodies. Also, her weapons include innumerable danmaku keystones of various sizes and her shape-shifting sword Sword of Hisou.

Manipulating the Earth

Earthquakes, land subsidence, landslides, etc. - her effective range is narrow, but she is able to manipulate them at will. It is similar to Suwako Moriya's "creating kun (the Earth)", but Suwako's ability is mainly for the sake of constructing various geographical features and creating countries, whereas Tenshi's ability is mainly a power to calm and cause (land-related) natural disasters. Since she is also able to handle the keystone, by this, she is able to calm and cause powerful earthquakes.

Identifying one's spirit (Sword of Hisou)

The Sword of Hisou is a tool that nobody other than celestials can use.

Even with just the keystone and the Sword of Hisou, she would still probably still be able to manipulate all three of "sky, earth and people". The Sword of Hisou has power related to "sky" and "people", and the keystone has power related to "Earth". In her moves in the games, by pouring spirit into the Earth using the Sword of Hisou, she caused earthquakes and land subsidence, but for the keystone, there were pretty much only moves that used it for throwing, hitting, smashing, and as a seat, ways that not at all related to earthquakes (however, in Touhou Hisoutensoku, a move was added which used the keystone to cause earthquakes).

As the keystone was originally for calming earthquakes, if the keystone, which stores distorted energy of the Earth, was ever removed or destroyed, then an earthquake occurs. Since causing earthquakes in this manner takes time and is difficult to use in battle, that is probably the reason it wasn't used in battle.

On the other hand, as there was a move which fired a laser made of spirit from the keystone and not from the Sword of Hisou, it might be better not to consider its performance in the game too deeply.

Character Basis

A sketch by ZUN, shown on MAGNet.

Name

Her full name is Tenshi Hinanawi (比那名居 天子). In Tenshi (天子), it has ten (, "sky, heaven") and shi (, "child"), which is a common ending for girl's names, so the literal meaning of her first name is "The child of heaven". Incidentally, the word tenshi (天子) is used to refer to the monarch in both Japanese and Chinese language. Also, Tenshi can be interpreted as an "angel" (天使 tenshi) in Japanese, a likely reference to her being a Celestial in this case. Ten () is a kanji used in the Japanese title of Scarlet Weather Rhapsody (緋想).

Meanwhile in her surname, hina (比那) may be from the "Hina Tori-no-Mikoto" (比那鳥命) of Hina shrine in Izumo city, Shimane prefecture of Japan, from a legend of a goddess, and it may be a name to indicate her characteristics of "female" and "earthquakes". However, as Hina has a father, it cannot be said that the entire family is female. "Hina" could also mean "young chicken, small" ().It's pronunciation can also mean "Goddess" (此売 hina)

Nawi (名居), also called "Nai/Nawi no Kami" (名居守), is pronounce similarly to nai (ない). It's an obsolete word meaning "Earth", and 名居振る (nawifuru) meant "earthquake", which can be found in the Nihon Shoki. "Furu" meant, like how it is read, to shake or vibrate. In a shift, "Nawi" acquired the meaning of "earthquakes", and was thus worshiped as a god of earthquakes. The "wi" () in Hinanawi (比那名居) is a kana that is unused in Modern Japanese. In present day Japanese, her last name is pronounced "Hinanai". Also, another meaning of "Hinanawi" is "The Goddess of Earthquake".

Before becoming a celestial, her first name was Chiko (地子, lit. "earth child").

Design

Tenshi has dark red eyes and long blue hair. She wears a white button-up blouse with a red bow at the collar, a blue dress with a light blue bow on the back and brown lace-up boots similar to that of Alice Margatroid's and carries an apron on her dress. The apron has a rainbow-patterned shard link around it, and wears a black hat decorated with two peaches and leaves.

Story

Games

Scarlet Weather Rhapsody

Due to the boring life in Heaven of constant drinking and relaxation, Tenshi decides to cause a disaster by gathering the thought energy of everyone in Gensokyo in the form of scarlet clouds, threatening an earthquake. Her true intent is to resolve her boredom by attracting others to resolve the incident. This disruption causes a preliminary tremor, which wrecks Reimu Hakurei's shrine and causes several events to unfold from there. Eventually, Tenshi rebuilds Reimu's shrine. However, Yukari Yakumo becomes angry when she learns that Tenshi has built a Keystone into its foundation, and has the shrine destroyed and rebuilt once more so that she can seal it.[3] Eventually a groundbreaking ceremony is held in Heaven, attended by most of the game's playable characters.

The weather type Aurora, meaning "Northern (or Southern) Lights", is associated to Tenshi.

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Double Spoiler
Tenshi in HM

In Double Spoiler, Tenshi used her keystones as danmaku in her spell cards and had Aya Shameimaru and Hatate Himekaidou taking photos of her and her danmaku.

Hopeless Masquerade

Tenshi made a background cameo appearance in Hopeless Masquerade on the Palanquin Ship and Youkai Tanuki Forest stage. She is seen standing on a keystone while hovering in the air.

Impossible Spell Card

After apparently reading the newspaper by the tengu about a mischief-making amanojaku, she becomes one of the many strong youkai and humans to try and stop Seija Kijin in the final day. She uses spell cards that are considered impossible to dodge.

Relationships

Suika Ibuki

Suika travelled up to Heaven and beat up Tenshi to get some land. Iku mentions in her ending that Tenshi must have given it to her without consulting any of the other celestials about the matter. Since then, Suika played at least one prank on Tenshi by gathering up many others to come fight her. Tenshi initially figured that it'd be okay because Suika will get bored and leave heaven soon, but by the time the final story (Tenshi's) in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody ends, Suika's still up there, causing Tenshi to worry about just how long the oni plans on staying.

Iku Nagae

Iku comments to Tenshi that she was supposed to file a report before warning everyone about the earthquake, but couldn't because all of the Hinanawi clan were away from their homes. This implies that one of her duties is to file reports to the Hinanawi clan when an earthquake is about to occur (note, however, that this doesn't mean she is subservient to Tenshi's clan. Just that her job requires interacting with them). It is shown in her ending that she saw how spoiled and reckless the eldest child Tenshi was, and was never happy about it.

Her win quote to Tenshi implies that Iku often complained to Tenshi about how mad her father was whenever Iku reported him. To Tenshi, however, Iku was just a messenger. Tenshi's unauthorized use of a keystone finally caused Iku to take action and punish Tenshi (and for Tenshi to learn her name), although having no authority over a member of the Hinanawi meant that all Iku could do in the long term was complain about it.

Her Father, Lord Nai

Iku mentions to Tenshi in a win quote that there's been repeated occasions where she's told Tenshi that her father was mad, and snaps that Tenshi should go report to him by herself for a change.

Gallery

Spell Cards

Additional Information

Tenshi on the AWA shirt, by ZUN.
  • A silhouette of Tenshi occupies the front of Scarlet Weather Rhapsody's jewel case, as well as the OST.
  • Her profile mentions "Oomura no Kami" and "Nai clan". In fact, there is the Nai Shrine (名居神社) in Nabari City, and the Oomura Shrine (大村神社) in Iga City, both in Mie Prefecture. The former shrine stands in Shimo-hinachi (下比奈知), and the latter has the Keystone and the Statue of Catfish as goshintai.
  • While Many of the mythological references Tenshi makes are those to the Tenbu (天部, Deva in sanskrit). In Buddhism, Deva are humans that have achieved enlightenment and in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody, Tenshi mentions the five signs of death of a Deva. Deva's are also known to be mortal in Buddhism, living long lives, but still remaining part of the circle of life and death. This too, ties in with the events in Komachi's scenario in the game. Considering earlier references by ZUN] to the Tennin (such as several of Youmu's spell cards in Perfect Cherry Blossom) both Tenbu and Tennin are the same in Gensokyo.
  • One of her color palettes in Touhou Hisoutensoku resembles Renko Usami.
  • ZUN designed the official shirt for 2013 Anime Weekend Atlanta convention, in which Tenshi was used on the shirt because the US state of Georgia is the peach state, which is appropriate.

Fandom

Tenshi, like many other characters, is very popular amongst the Touhou Project fanbase, with having many illustrations of fanart. She's most associated to Heaven-based or on some cases Christianity themes and is often treated as an antagonist in various fangames, such as Touhou Mother. She is commonly associated to peaches, of which she is also compared to Watatsuki no Toyohime in deviated works.

Name

Tenshi's first name can also be read as "Tenko": when the fans were speculating about new characters on the Touhou Genso Board (東方幻想板)'s Scarlet Weather Rhapsody Strategy Chat and Mispost Thread No.21 (東方緋想天 攻略・雑談・誤爆スレ21) before the release of Scarlet Weather Rhapsody, an anonymous poster jokingly uploaded an image that supposedly listed all the names of the characters including that of an unknown character, "Tenko Hisou" (緋想天子) in the middle. This name was too obvious; adding the most common Japanese suffix for girls' names, "-ko" (-子), after the Japanese main title "Hisouten" (緋想). The name was from then on adopted as a tentative name for the final boss, because such an obvious name sounded very funny.

Surprisingly, it turned out that she has those same characters in her first name, "天子", but a different pronunciation, "Tenshi". As a result of this, "Tenko" (specifically written in hiragana てんこ to refer to this usage) has become an extremely famous fan nickname - perhaps even more used then her real name - for her. Incidentally, the file name of a jpg image in one of the blog post by Twilight Frontier was named "tenko.jpg". In regard to the nickname Tenko, there's a famous Internet meme "Tenko aishiteru" (てんこあいしてる, English: "Tenko I love you")[4] known in the Japanese community. Simply used to express the passion to Tenshi.

Also, quite rarely in the Japanese community, she is sometimes called by the nickname Bamiyan (バーミヤン): A common known Chinese restaurant that has a "peach" in its logo.[5]

Buront-san

Because of the reference of the keyword "uchouten" (有頂天, Bhavaagra), she often gets connected with the Buront-san (ブロントさん) meme[6]: A popular Final Fantasy XI meme known in the Japanese Internet community. Due to the popularity of Buront-san meme in the Touhou fandom, an official reference was even made parodying the meme in one of her spell card in Hisoutensoku - Swordplay "Sword of Swagger" (剣技「気炎万丈の剣」).

Characteristics

Due to her apparent eagerness to be beaten up by the other characters in SWR's story mode (with dialogue lines such as "Yes, get angry! Because if you don't punish me, Gensokyo shall be no more!"), she has gained a reputation as a masochist (どM do-emu). As a result, she often appears along with Yuuka Kazami in some fanworks. Also, this combined with her toughness has resulted in Tenshi having high defenses in various fan games.

Chest

In many fanwork, Tenshi is referred/described/drew as flat chested, mostly due to the drawing in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody by alphes, which her breast were depicted considerably flat even though she looks to be in her mid-teen in the image. This might be due to her sometimes bratty nature. In Labyrinth of Touhou, her stats reflect this as while she has the highest defenses (which she can buff), she has the least HP. This is in contrast with Komachi Onozuka (infamously busty) who has the highest HP but the lowest defenses.

2011 Tōhoku earthquake

Along with Utsuho, Tenshi had received serious (absurd) criticism by some people due to the 2011 Tohoku earthquake by being associated with the earthquakes and the nuclear incident. However, such criticism ceased shortly and fortunately, their reputation wasn't negatively affected that much.

Miscellaneous

Official Profiles

Official Sources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Symposium of Post-mysticism: Bonus interview
  2. Scarlet Weather Rhapsody - Tenshi's Scenario
  3. Scarlet Weather Rhapsody - Yukari's Scenario
  4. Nicopedia - Tenko aishiteru (Japanese)
  5. Jump to its official Webpage to see the logo.
  6. Nicopedia - Buront-san (Japanese)