Junko in Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom
"Though she now lives on another heavenly body, and I am unable to meet with her... Even if we are unable to dwell together under Heaven, my hatred alone will be refined. Now, show me! Just what an earthling risking her life is capable of! And behold! This pristine spiritual force that rejects life and death!"
— Junko to Reimu Hakurei (Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom Stage 6.)
Junko (純狐 Junko) is the main antagonist of Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom. She's a sagacious spirit, sworn enemy of Lunarians, and orchestrated the invasion to the Moon for the sole purpose of killing Chang'e.
As a Sagacious Spirit who has purified her grudge towards Chang'e, Junko is described to be a being made out of pure fury. Her hatred is strong enough to persist after she murders Houyi, her first grudge and the person responsible for her son's death, to the point where she currently targets all of her animosity towards Chang'e and the Lunarians despite having nothing to do with her son's death. Junko doesn't seem to care for intricateness, preferring to do things with a straightforward attitude. This is shown through her spellcards as they are purely designed for murder, instead of beauty, which is the standard factor for spellcards. Because of her antagonism and ruthlessness to achieve her goals and desires, she has been described to be unique compared to many of Gensokyo's inhabitants. 
Despite all of her intense, uncontrolled wrath, Junko has demonstrated a variety of surprisingly good cognitive functions. She can be calm and level-headed, have a willingness to be crafty to complete her objectives, can adapt to unfavorable situations, and can even be reasoned with and forgo plans without much issue. Junko also has standards to some degree, not wanting Gensokyo to be caught up in the crossfire, and calls the Lunarian's method of taking Gensokyo captive "inhumane". 
Junko is also shown to be melodramatic, comparing her feud with the Lunarians to a "revenge drama" and being boastful when displaying her Danmaku, Exclaiming lines like "Are you watching Chang'e?" before fighting the protagonists.
- Ability to purify anything
Junko's power to purify anything, not to be confused with the Lunarian and Shinto concept of purity, refers to the refining of substances to remove impurities, such as in the refinement of metals. She used this power on her own grudge, strengthening it such that she became the embodiment of her resentment as a divine spirit, without even a need for an identity anymore, and on Clownpiece and other hell fairies, transforming them into beings of pure lifeforce that would threaten the Lunar Capital. She also claims to be able to kill the heroines unconditionally if they didn't use Eirin's drug and got hit at least once before facing Junko.
The terms used to refer to Junko's ability, junka (純化) or junsui (純粋), differs from the terms for the Shinto concept of kegare (穢れ) referred to as "impurity", and kiyome (清め), its "purification". So, they can be understood to mean two different things. In fact, Junko refining the hell fairies into pure embodiments of life supercharged their capacity to spread impurity.
According to ZUN, Junko's power of purification is actually an ability to bring things back to their godly nature, before they had names, so it could be almost considered an ability to give birth to gods. The nature of nameless objects and how giving names to gods makes them manifest only one of their aspects was previously described by Rinnosuke in Chapter 15 of Curiosities of Lotus Asia.
Junko describes herself as a Sagacious Spirit (仙霊 Senrei), Reimu indicates that she is a more pure soul than a Lunarian or youkai and ZUN mentions in his interview that she is a type of divine spirit, however it's difficult to make a distinction between the two so at most, she's a Spirit.
Her known name is Junko (純狐), which is spelled with the characters for jun (純, lit. "pure, clean") and ko (狐, "Fox"). Her name meaning "pure fox" fits with the seven tail-like flames behind her and her ability to purify anything. According to her profile, she doesn't have an identity nor she desires to know what exactly she is.
Junko seems to be based on Xuán Qī (玄妻) a figure who is mentioned in the ancient Chinese historical narrative Zuǒ Zhuàn and the Tiānwèn poems, noted for her dark hair and incredible beauty. Her nickname, Chún Hú (纯狐, lit. "pure fox"), is written using the same characters as "Junko." She was married to Hòu Kuí (後夔), the leader of the Xia Dynasty, and bore him a son, Bó Fēng (伯封).
After Hòu Yì (后羿) forced Hòu Kuí into exile and took over the Xia Dynasty, he killed Bó Fēng and forced Xuán Qī into marriage. In revenge, Xuán Qī conspired with Hòu Yì's minister, Hán Zhuó (寒浞) to kill him. She later married Hán Zhuó and bore him two sons.
In addition to this Hòu Yì, there is a more notable figure from Chinese mythology of the same name. Initially, instead of just one sun, there were ten suns (in Chinese, the word for "sun" and "day" are the same, and the ancient Chinese week was ten days long; hence, ten suns.) Normally, they would rise one at a time, one after another. However, one day, the ten suns all rose at once, threatening to purge the entire Earth in fire. The mythical archer, the hero Hòu Yì, shot down nine of the ten suns in order to save the world. He is also the husband of the Chinese moon goddess Chang'e, who drank the elixir of immortality and floated away to the moon.
The relationship between the two Hòu Yìs is unclear. The conflation of various historical figures named Hòu Yì has been the subject of at least one contemporary academic paper. The Hòu Yì within the Touhou Project appears to be a combination of the two mentioned above.
The account given by Eirin in Reisen's Pointdevice/No Miss Ending in Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom seems to match up with many of the details above, but with a few omissions and discrepancies. First, there is no mention of Hòu Kuí or Hán Zhuó, and the diagram that Eirin shows seems to imply that Bó Fēng is Hòu Yì's own son rather than Hòu Kuí's. This change makes the Hòu Yì from Touhou canon a significantly more monstrous figure.
Junko wears a Chinese outfit of a red and yellow tabard with a 9-tailed fox pattern with a red sash over a wide-sleeved black dress and a black traditional Chinese crown called a dalachi (大拉翅). She has long, orange hair and red eyes. Behind her are seven light-purple flame-like tails. Although not visible in her in-game appearance, Junko's portrayal in Visionary Fairies in Shrine shows her wearing dark-colored shoes and legwear.
Junko plotted the invasion to the Moon in order to get revenge on Chang'e. She filled the Near Side of the Moon with fairies, and thus life, forcing the Lunarians to escape so she could use that moment to kill Chang'e. Knowing the Lunarians would likely flee to the Dream World, she sent Hecatia to trap them there. Over half a year the Lunarians took no action against her, causing a stagnation in Junko's plan and a steady appease of her anger, growing bored every time. It was at that time when the protagonist appears before her, clean of all impurity much to her surprise. Because her anger was already appeased, she saw no goal in continuing the invasion and admitted defeat before the battle.
- Visionary Fairies in Shrine
In chapter 2 she makes an appearance when Clownpiece talks about why wasn't she born in the Earth instead of Hell.
Again, in chapter 5, she's mentioned by Eirin because she didn't know Junko was working alongside a Goddess of Hell.
- Wild and Horned Hermit
Junko and Hecatia are friends. Because Hecatia sympathized with Junko, she accompanied her in her plot against the Lunar Capital, lending Junko her powers, as well as fairies like Clownpiece.
Hecatia loaned Clownpiece to Junko to use as she wished. Clownpiece was purified into pure lifeforce and simply told to do what fairies do and play around near the Lunar Capital, at the Sea of Tranquility.
Junko has a grudge against Chang'e, because Chang'e's husband was responsible for killing Junko's son. So, she plotted against the Lunar Capital and staged an invasion to get to Chang'e.
Houyi was Chang'e's husband and was the one who murdered Junko's son, which caused Junko to kill him in retaliation.
Cover of Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom, featuring Junko's silhouette.
Junko from Who's Who of Humans & Youkai - Dusk Edition
Junko's full appearance in Visionary Fairies in Shrine
Junko's spell cards contain some of the most simplistic patterns ever for a final boss of the Touhou Project. Her spell cards are designed "purely" to do just that rather than showing off various kinds of patterns. Most of her spell cards use circle danmaku shapes, which is significant as circles are widely viewed as "pure shapes".
Her spell cards violate the spirit of the spell card rules. While the rules were in part designed to prevent bloodshed, Junko has multiple spell cards made to kill.
- Junko is the first Windows era character with an official profile who does not have a proper title. This is likely because she purified herself of identifying information. Koakuma and Daiyousei also do not have titles, but they also do not have official profiles.
- She is also notable for being the first final boss in the Windows era not to have a last name.
- A silhouette of Junko occupies the front of Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom's jewel case.
- Strange Creators of Outer World/Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom interview with ZUN - Junko's section
- Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom - Reimu's Extra Stage
- Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom/Story/Reimu's Scenario#Stage 6
- Clownpiece#Official Profiles - Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom - omake.txt
- Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom - Reimu's Pointdevice/No Miss ending
- The kanji for circle (丸) can also mean perfection, as an allude to a "flawless" shape.
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