Youmu Konpaku

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魂魄 (こんぱく)  妖夢 (ようむ)
Youmu Konpaku
kompakɯ joːmɯ (♫)
Youmu Kompaku
Youmu Konpaku
Half-Human Half-Phantom Gardener
More Character Titles

Half-human half-phantom


Handling sword techniques


Unknown, but less than 60 years old


Gardener, swordsmanship instructor



Music Themes
Official Games
Print Works
Miscellaneous Works

Miscellaneous Illustrations

Youmu Konpaku (魂魄 妖夢 Konpaku Youmu) is a half-human half-phantom who lives at Hakugyokurou in the Netherworld as a gardener and swordplay instructor, who also serves for Yuyuko Saigyouji. She first appeared as the Stage 5 boss of Perfect Cherry Blossom, the seventh installment of the Touhou Project, and has since become a recurring playable character.

General Information[edit]

Youmu, as illustrated in the Grimoire of Marisa.

In Perfect Cherry Blossom, she gathered all of Gensokyo's spring at Yuyuko's instruction, which was the reason Gensokyo's winter did not end. In Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red and Chapter 13 of Curiosities of Lotus Asia, she took on the responsibility for collecting and returning the phantoms that wandered around Gensokyo as a result of the boundary of the Netherworld being thinned.

She belongs to the subspecies of phantoms called the "half-human half-phantoms" (半人半霊 "hannin hanrei" or "hanjin hanrei"). Half-human half-phantoms are the mixed-race of phantoms and humans (幽霊と人間のハーフ), which have a largish phantom accompanying them and a relativity long life span compared to humans. The phantom that always follows them is called the "half-phantom" (半霊[1]、半幽霊[2] hanrei, hanyuurei), and they are the other half of their body.[3] In Perfect Memento in Strict Sense, it was supposed that Youmu's human half manipulates the phantom half consciously. Youmu's human half has a lower body temperature compared to normal humans, and her phantom half's body temperature is not so cold compared to normal phantoms. In the Imperishable Night manual, it was written, "she has two kinds of body: human and phantom," showing Youmu to be "human" and the phantom to be "phantom."

Half-human half-phantoms are long-lived,[4][5] but in Seasonal Dream Vision, since it has still not been 60 years since the time she was born, in Phantasmagoria of Flower View, she was not very knowledgeable about the "flower incident that occurs once every 60 years."[6]


As she has a straightforward diligent personality, she is often manipulated by those around her (especially Yuyuko).[2][7] For this reason, she often fails at her task, but that does not mean that she has no real power, and she particularly excels at instantaneous force and concentration power.[8] In Immaterial and Missing Power, as literally stated by the shishou, "truth-slashing is something which you know", so she often performs tsujigiri-like moves, but Suika Ibuki pointed out that she does not think that Youmu understood her shishou's teachings.

She has strong sensitivity, and in the good ending of Imperishable Night, her human half was unable to resist the insanity-inducing effects of the true Moon, causing her to become "half-insane". Ironically enough, considering her species, she is afraid of ghost stories, dares, and darkness, but she is calm around phantoms since she is half phantom herself.[9] In Imperishable Night's Extra. After defeating Fujiwara no Mokou, Yuyuko pretends there is a ghost under a tree, earning a terrified shriek from Youmu. Much further on in Ten Desires, as a result of being mistaken as a hermit, she temporarily mistook herself as being a hermit.[1] Due to artworks and her sprite in the fighting spin-offs, Youmu may be ambidextrous.


As a gardener in the service of the Saigyouji family and the bodyguard of Yuyuko Saigyouji, Youmu is a swordswoman of a two-sword school of swordplay.

According to the Saigyouji family, Youmu is the second generation to take her position, the former generation being Youki Konpaku. Youki was Youmu's swordplay instructor. Youmu is also Yuyuko's sword instructor, but she is fundamentally treated as a gardener.[2]


Roukanken and Hakurouken

The katana, carried from her left shoulder to her waist on the right side, is Roukanken (楼観剣, lit. "high-building sword"). It has been claimed to have been forged by youkai, and has the power to kill ten phantoms in one slice.[10] The shorter sword on her left waist is a wakizashi named Hakurouken (白楼剣, lit. "plain-building sword"), which seems to be the heirloom of the Konpaku family, and can slice through people's confusion.[4]

Background Information[edit]

Youmu's depiction in PMiSS


Her full name is Youmu Konpaku (魂魄 妖夢). The characters for Konpaku (魂魄) means "soul" and Youmu (妖夢) probably means "ghostly dream" in the context regarding her characteristic. Bear in mind that the "n" is an "m" sound; this is because it flows more smoothly in Japanese when it's before a "p" sound.

Although both kon () and paku () means "soul", their elements are different. Kon stands for a "mental" soul, which is separated from a body as soon as human dies and ascends to Heaven; paku is a "physical" soul, which remains in the body a few days and goes back to the Earth. In this case, kon is Youmu's ghostly half, and paku is the human half. The entire Konpaku family is comprised of half-phantom half-humans.[4]

The kanji that makes up Youmu (妖夢) are also part of the kanji for Perfect Cherry Blossom (東方 Touhou youyoumu).

In Phantasmagoria of Flower View, Youmu's name is written in romaji, with her surname first, during pre-battle conversation with her, even though every other character in the game with a Japanese name has their name romanized western-style, with their first names first. This is one of several typographical inconsistencies in the game (another being the inconsistent spelling of Aya Shameimaru's name).


Youmu's phantom body acting in the same way as her human body in Curiosities of Lotus Asia

Youmu has short white or silver and blue eyes. Her eyes were red in Perfect Cherry Blossom and her last word portrait in Imperishable Night. Youmu's outfit generally consists of a green vest and skirt over a white undershirt with several ghost insignias along the edges of the skirt and one on the breast pocket of the vest. She wears a black bowtie and hairband with black ribbon tied off-center in her hair. She carries the Roukanken; a long katana with a large white tassel on the handle and the Hakurouken; a wakizashi (Short Japanese sword). Her ghostly half is a white phantom as large as her human self

Youmu has slight design alterations in each of her appearances. Her hair became white and her eyes became blue in Immaterial and Missing Power. In Ten Desires, her hair becomes messier and her eyes are silver-colored. In Wily Beast and Weakest Creature, Her insignias are different and her phantom half gains a snake-like head. In all game appearances after Perfect Cherry Blossom, her sleeves are short.

Her swords has also changed in appearance, In Perfect Cherry Blossom, the Roukanken had a cherry blossom insignia and a flower attached to it, The insignia is missing in all later game appearance except Scarlet Weather Rhapsody. In Wily Beast and Weakest Creature, the Roukanken gains a standard katana handle with red light particles along the blade and the hakurouken has a blue handle and has small souls along its blade.

According to ZUN, her height is "fairly short."[11]

Youmu's Appearances[edit]


Perfect Cherry Blossom
Youmu's sprite in PCB

During the events of Perfect Cherry Blossom, Youmu was ordered by Yuyuko Saigyouji to gather as much spring essence from Gensokyo as she could in order to get the entire cherry blossom garden, including the legendary Saigyou Ayakashi, to bloom perfectly. Youmu's efforts indirectly caused winter to continue unchecked in Gensokyo, prompting the player to find the source of the problem. Youmu tried to prevent the player from reaching Hakugyokurou, but was defeated. She also tried to stop the player's confrontation against Yuyuko, but was defeated again.

If the player uses Reimu, after seeing that Reimu makes fun of her and doesn't listen to her advice, Youmu attacks her.

If the player uses Marisa, Marisa comments how she likes the warmer environment and how she would like to take advantage of it to assist a cherry blossom party. Youmu requests Marisa to giver her the spring she gathered, Marisa declines and fights her.

If the player uses Sakuya, after complaining about the length of the journey, Sakuya demands impatiently to give back the spring, something Youmu responds attacking her.

Imperishable Night
Youmu's back sprite in IN
Youmu's sprite in IN

In Imperishable Night, she traveled to the world of the living with the intent to fix the moon--although Yuyuko was more interested in having a feasting tour with a "dragon dish" as the crowning attraction.

Phantasmagoria of Flower View
Youmu's back sprite in PoFV

In Phantasmagoria of Flower View, she was minding her own business but kept encountering various people barging into Hakugyokurou suspecting her of being behind the flower incident. When she traveled to Gensokyo herself to behold the spectacle, she had a hunch about what was going on but only realized it fully when Aya Shameimaru pointed it out. Realizing that the incident was caused by an overabundance of spirits possessing the flowers, Youmu cut down some spirits to reduce their numbers a bit. This leads her into confrontation with Komachi Onozuka, who tells her she should not be cutting down spirits while in the world of the living because they haven't received judgement yet. Youmu protests that she's always allowed to kill phantoms while in the Netherworld, to which Komachi replies that phantoms in the Netherworld and phantoms above are two different things.

Eiki Shiki, Yamaxanadu hears about Komachi's confrontation with Youmu and comes to meet Youmu herself. She explains about the phantoms inhabiting the flowers, and that the problem will go away by itself and Youmu should leave it alone. She then goes further about how Youmu's activities in the world of the living are coming dangerously close to getting Youmu classified as living and thus subject to judgement, and decides to carry out a little judgement on Youmu beforehand.

In the end, Youmu arrives back at the Netherworld. Yuyuko was also asked by Eiki to teach Youmu more about the nature of spirits. Unfortunately, Yuyuko Saigyouji ends up misinterpreting that she's supposed to teach Youmu in a general sense, and ends up teaching Youmu how to pour delicious tea. Eiki in her storyline ends up having to elaborate and clarify her lecture to Youmu when Eiki confronts her again. Youmu's sword works on spirits by severing hesitation, which is the equivalent of helping someone reach Nirvana, and Youmu is not qualified to judge such a thing. In her winquote to Eiki, Youmu apologizes for the trouble she's caused, and thanks Eiki while saying she now understands the nature of her sword.

Ten Desires

Youmu re-appears as a playable character in Ten Desires. She was baffled about the divine spirits, so she went out to investigate in the cemetery of the new Temple After defeating some youkais there and tricking Mononobe no Futo in thinking she was an hermit to leaving her pass through the mausoleum, she faces Toyosatomimi no Miko, who also thinks Youmu is an hermit and fights her thinking she is the final obstacle to her resurrection.

Wily Beast and Weakest Creature

Youmu appears once again as a playable character in Wily Beast and Weakest Creature. After hearing that animal spirits were attacking from Hell, she teamed up with a friendly animal spirit and ventured into Hell to investigate. After defeating some enemies and entering hell, she goes to the Animal Realm, when she meets Keiki Haniyasushin, who tells her that she was tricked by the spirit and that she is only making the animal realm a better place to the human spirits. After seeing that the spirit wanted to flee, Keiki attacks both.


Immaterial and Missing Power
Shoot the Bullet
Youmu's sprite in StB

In Shoot the Bullet, Youmu is a target level 6, where she'll use spell cards when Aya Shameimaru take photos of her and her danmaku.

Scarlet Weather Rhapsody

During the events of Scarlet Weather Rhapsody, she set off to investigate, concerned as to how and why someone was slaying spirits. After a hint from Yukari Yakumo, she found and defeated Tenshi Hinanawi.

Hopeless Masquerade
Anigif of Yuyuko w/ Youmu in HM

Youmu appears as a background cameo in Hopeless Masquerade on the Divine Spirit Mausoleum stage. She is seen with Yuyuko Saigyouji as she endlessly feeds her rice balls.

Impossible Spell Card

After apparently reading the newspaper by the tengu about a mischief-making amanojaku, she becomes one of the many strong youkai and humans to try and stop Seija Kijin. She uses spell cards that are considered impossible to dodge.


Curiosities of Lotus Asia

Youmu travels out to Kourindou in search of the Soul Torch, an item given to her by Yuyuko that she had lost. Rinnosuke does in fact have it, and it turns out to be the reason for a large quantity of ghosts floating around the shop recently. Rinnosuke wasn't willing to part with it unless paid, however, so Youmu ended up shoveling the snow out of the front of the shop and off of the roof to pay for it.

Strange and Bright Nature Deity

In chapter 2 of Strange and Bright Nature Deity, She visits the Hakurei shrine to express concerns that Reimu and Marisa has been making toys out of ghosts but is ignored.

Oriental Sacred Place

Youmu appears in chapter 4 of Oriental Sacred Place. she gets placed alone in a test of courage, much to her horror. Despite trying to encourage herself by carrying her sword around, she ends up being frightened by almost everyone in the scaring side and gave up before seeing the Three Fairies of Light.

Silent Sinner in Blue

Youmu asks Yuyuko while they are seeing a cloudy harvest moon about Ran Yakumo's intentions, who exactly one lunar month before came to the Netherworld to ask them to look for the vampire and her team while they were trying to make the rocket. Although Yuyuko rejected the offert, she explains that day to Youmu that she was indeed observing the movements of the vampire and orders Youmu to tell the shrine maiden how to finish the vampire's rocket.
Youmu meets Reimu, Marisa and Sakuya in the Hakurei Shrine, who were talking about said fuel. Youmu suggests searching not in the sky, but thinking how ships and other travel methods work to find a way to make the rocket work. Thanks to that, Reimu realizes she needed to call Sumiyoshi (the voyages god).

Afterwards, after Yukari manipulated the border between the illusionary and the real Moon, Yuyuko and her follow her hints to reach the Lunar Capital. There, they search for a valuable object and they come back with a millennial sake.


Yuyuko Saigyouji[edit]

Youmu's mistress, ever since Youmu was born (stated by Youmu in Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red). Youmu is completely loyal to her, but has trouble understanding her.

Youki Konpaku[edit]

Youmu was Youki's student, and also his successor as the gardener of Hakugyokurou. She believes that his disappearance is some kind of lesson from him.

Yukari Yakumo[edit]

The friend of Youmu's mistress. Youmu respects her greatly and she helps Youmu with lessons and advice, but Youmu doesn't understand her, either. She also treats Yukari's servant, Ran Yakumo, with professional respect, even though Yuyuko says she doesn't have to.

Residents of Eientei[edit]

From Imperishable Night, Youmu is one of the few characters that is aware that three of the residents of Eientei are from the Moon, and presumably keeping it a secret like the others.

Eiki Shiki, Yamaxanadu[edit]

As a yama, Eiki is one of the superiors of Youmu's mistress, Yuyuko. Youmu is aware of the role of the yama and respects Eiki greatly, but hadn't met her in-person until Phantasmagoria of Flower View. In Youmu's ending, Eiki also asked Yuyuko to teach Youmu more about the nature of cutting down spirits. Eiki notes if Youmu loses to her in the story mode that Youmu would normally not go to Eiki for judging upon death.

Komachi Onozuka[edit]

Youmu and Komachi first met in Phantasmagoria of Flower View. As a ferryman under the yama, Komachi could also be considered a fellow employee of sorts with Youmu, although their lines of work do not cross very often. Youmu is aware of Komachi's position and respects her a lot, often thanking her for her work on ferrying the dead whenever the two meet. Komachi also tries to teach Youmu about how Youmu should not cut down ghosts too often, and sees Youmu as "an interesting fellow" in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody.

Others in general[edit]

Youmu is acquainted with many other major characters (be it from their visits to the Netherworld or Youmu's own investigations), but generally not close to them personally. Being straight forward and earnest, Youmu tends to get picked on a lot.









Spell Cards[edit]

Additional Information[edit]

  • Her theme music is titled "Hiroari Shoots A Strange Bird ~ Till When?", named after a story in Taiheiki, which a warrior named Hiroari slays a youkai known as Itsumade (以津真天). This is an homage to the storyline. Judging from the story of Perfect Cherry Blossom, the heroine plays the role of Hiroari, Youmu is Itsumade, and the corpse is probably Yuyuko Saigyouji. (See also Flandre Scarlet and Yukari Yakumo.)
  • In Touhou Hisoutensoku, one of Youmu's new Spell Cards resembles one of Grant's supers from Garou: Mark of the Wolves.


Official Profiles[edit]

Official Sources[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Youmu's Parallel Ending in Ten Desires
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Imperishable Night: Manual
  3. According to the ZUN's comment in the 2nd THWiki Popularity Poll (「第2回東方シリーズ人気投票」(2003年9月開催)キャラ部門・魂魄妖夢 におけるZUNの投稿)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Perfect Memento in Strict Sense: Youmu
  5. Imperishable Night: Character setting.txt
  6. Seasonal Dream Vision/A Beautiful Flower Blooming Violet Every Sixty Years
  7. Immaterial and Missing Power: Shanghai Alice Communications.txt
  8. Shanghai Alice Correspondence Three Fairies Version/Volume 7
  9. Imperishable Night omake.txt, Strange and Bright Nature Deity chapter 2, Oriental Sacred Place chapters 3-4, Cage in Lunatic Runagate chapter 7
  10. Perfect Cherry Blossom - 5th stage's dialog, "Shanghai Alice Correspondence Vol.5" in Immaterial and Missing Power, Perfect Memento in Strict Sense pp.22-24。
  11. ZUN's E-mails
  12. Yojana (योजन) is a unit of the distance that was used in ancient India. The exact length of the unit was not defined, but it's said that 1 yojana equals about 10-15 kilometers. In other words, if you taken Yuyuko's word as it is, then the Saigyouji's garden is supposed to be about 2,000-3,000 kilometers long.